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[专考] 专八易考范文背诵 6 跟随前人脚步,利弊何在?

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匿名  发表于 2011-8-7 00:49:24 |阅读模式
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 On Following Suit


As people respond to incentives, they will change their behaviors if they perceive that costs or benefits change. This principle seems to find wide application in our daily lives. When college graduates learn that receiving a master degree will give them an upper hand in the job market, many decide to take part in post-graduate entrance examinations. In China, it is regarded as following suit. Though we admire those who pride themselves on sticking to their ideals and principles, odds may not be against those who follow suit. Generally speaking, there are both advantages and disadvantages of following suit.


Firstly, following suit is indicative of the fact that followers have no indispensable beliefs or fixed principles and hence they are flexible in the vicissitudes of lives. When the social context changes and opportunities arise, those followers are the first to respond and make decisions. Take the English training service for example. In early 1990s, increasing number of college graduates decided to study overseas and hence English training service was in large demand. Given that forerunners had make a fortune by providing training programs to those graduates, many businessmen just followed suit and established several training schools. Undoubtedly, those who followed suit when the market did not reach saturation did make money.


Secondly, it is noteworthy that following suit can avoid making mistakes. For those forerunners, there is no previous information at their hand, and therefore, it will take a long time to learn and improve by trial and error. During the period of trial and error, forerunners will encounter unexpected difficulties and pressures. As a result, when those become successful in certain domains, they have proved that the path will lead to success, providing both pros and cons. On the contrary, followers need not experience the process of trial and error. They can just imitate their forerunners’ proven pattern of behaviors and have easier access to success.There are also some disadvantages of following suit. When there are so many followers, the world will become crowded and odds are against those later followers.

Furthermore, following suit prevents innovation and creation, which is to the detriment of our society. However, whether one should follow suit or not is not simply a to-be-or-not-to-be question. A basic assumption of individual person is that everyone is rational. So one should carefully calculate costs and benefits in specific circumstances before they decide to follow suit or not.

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9 k% }0 Z3 K+ c# Z indispensable 读音[.indis`pensəbl, .indis`pensəbəl]
用法
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  • ; {; G! F. k* E 1. + M! H$ a1 l1 }) N& O 必不可少的,必需的8 J( ?3 C# @( K$ Q+ L% M5 p
    impossible [ im`p?s?bl] a.不可能的,办不到的...indispensable [ indis`pens?bl] a.必不可少的,必需的...inevitable [ in`evit?bl] a.不可避免的,必然的
    0 i- G0 [4 Y: e! ]0 n cn.wordmind.com - 相关搜索 " g1 c9 W8 b# J3 d0 X
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  • 5 e# |8 M' {, l1 N; Y; O; s 2. ' u7 B. @2 E/ v8 n+ \+ ~. g 不可或缺的 9 [8 {$ E) s; f
    51.assiduous [adj] 孜孜以求的...52.indispensable [adj] 不可或缺的...53.instinctive [adj] 本能的;天生的
    - W1 V: C d' X7 a- F 11584355.blog.hexun.com - 相关搜索 b) \( @, `/ p+ T0 n
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  • & X! J$ s& b- v6 \3 L. r 3.1 b- O! D3 [" o 不可缺少的; r8 y6 w, Q" o# J4 `8 H" u4 z
    think tankn. 智囊班子(智囊机构)...indispensable [,indis`pens?bl]a. 不可缺少的...rift [rift]n. 裂口,隙缝,切口v. 裂开,割开
    * g7 D3 S% U# j" C- M3 Y blog.sina.com.cn - 相关搜索 5 f+ s( L, v" m, w8 B1 ]
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  • + R2 m7 F) G, |7 }! i7 i9 H 4. " r) {: }+ P* L7 F( G) G/ b 不可缺少之物 * a. M7 e, Q: E
    石头城 发表于 06-12-4 07:42...indispensable 不可缺少之物...indispensably 不可缺少地
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vicissitude 读音[vi`sisitju:d, və`sisə.tju:d]
用法
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  • & E! C4 _; |( ?+ L8 B+ B) {/ q# q 1. 0 c# u) o% ] P7 k4 Z 变化3 K, J9 b, Q! z* `" L j
    viciousness 恶意...vicissitude 变化...vicissitudinary 交替的
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  • ) L) s( r, {8 N8 ? 2. Y# `$ g/ I& g* `9 ?1 W+ p1 ] 自然变化,变迁兴衰 r( B$ \! g. M2 v
    vicious adj. 邪恶的,堕落的...vicissitude n. 自然变化,变迁兴衰...victimize v.使受骗,牺牲
    ( l- D/ _9 y1 a7 ~8 R% T www.51test.net - 相关搜索 4 q- ^! V. h8 X% o) T% x0 ^% ?& a+ L
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  • 5 k$ z/ H8 r2 v 3. , I$ w$ z& d% ~' B0 M 变化,变迁,荣枯,盛衰$ _) N, P+ S/ l" ]
    transmute v. 变化,变作...vicissitude n. 变化,变迁,荣枯,盛衰...vicissitudinous adj. 有变化的,变迁的
    9 h: r7 ?0 Z% O www.soiwo.com - 相关搜索 & O3 [- f$ g, `% b
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  • : I9 i& X& y/ L2 n3 O 4. + P- h6 O) b r X% x 变迁;变化4 z' x y, d- A8 v$ W
    debased; bad; defamatory; vile; evil wicked...vicissitude [vi`sisitju:d] 变迁;变化...variety
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noteworthy 读音[`nəut.wə:ði]
用法
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  • 9 w/ n4 R: n3 u* c: J 1. 1 I! p# o# V: [' x, } 显著的 5 z, Z9 Z3 o7 |; u2 j, {& C
    noteworthiness值得注意;显著...noteworthy显著的...notice of export出口申请
    - S* H7 M. h m1 A3 d www.oilsoft.cn - 相关搜索9 D4 {- F. R9 ?' c
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  • ( H- e: S0 d; D7 s( U% B' \2 { 2. ' a6 m7 H! S9 S8 b* {! C 值得注意的 3 a9 U; M' I5 ? X5 S& D( A* E/ o
    notorious 臭名昭著的...noteworthy a. 值得注意的...[活学]
    8 o: k3 ?4 X8 d- E" H7 W www.okhere.net - 相关搜索 . I: o6 K r, i
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  • ! w7 W( H' `: C3 ]/ J- K. | 3.% ~, z9 h" \* R1 U4 L4 B7 O2 W 值得注意的,显著的 ) R; ]! t6 I9 j- w
    Bangladesh [7bB:N^lE5deF] n. 孟加拉国(亚洲)...noteworthy [5nEutwE:Ti] adj. 值得注意的,显著的...fertility rate 人口出生率,生育率
    ' `, K8 Q1 G8 \, S6 S* d6 h: v- ^. i j www.wwenglish.com - 相关搜索 3 ? t) F- B" `- R' p
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  • - S* {2 d# Q! v D2 ^% `' p 4. # Z2 O6 b) Q% |! ?9 n 值得注目的,显著的 ( ?3 [' O6 E& p- D4 {# D3 M
    reconnaissance [ri5kCnisEns] n. 侦察,搜索,勘测...noteworthy [5nEutwE:Ti] adj. 值得注目的,显著的...顶一下
    0 i0 b" p2 C* e+ x8 O www.tingroom.com - 相关搜索5 }$ ?- _: ?7 p) Q" D0 N+ c$ q
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domain 读音[də`mein, dəu`mein]

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